Досліджено основи функціонування національних систем соціального захисту, зокрема проблеми та їх причини, виконано аналіз прагматики протягом 2015–2020 рр., здійснено порівняльні розрахунки показників, віднесених на одну особу в євро, та загальні витрати на соціальні потреби. Для зіставлення відповідних критеріїв в Україні та Європі вибрано презентабельні країни чотирьох регіонів ЄС. За результатами аналізу виявлено суттєве відставання України у сфері соціального захисту від всіх країн ЄС, у т. ч. з аутсайдерами. З огляду на європейський досвід та особливості нашої держави обґрунтовано основні складові національної моделі соціального захисту. Розроблена модель охоплює стратегічні та поточні напрями розвитку, взаємодію між її складовими, фінансові ресурси. Також у моделі враховано вплив чинників зовнішнього середовища та орієнтацію на європейські орієнтири розвитку України.

Класифікація за JEL: H41, H53, H75, I31.

Ключові слова

Індекси; життєвий рівень населення; нормативи; регіони ЄС; теоретичні конструкції.

Повний текст:



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Отримано: 8 грудня 2022 р.

Рецензовано: 12 грудня 2022 р.

Рекомендовано до друку: 15 грудня 2022 р.


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