environmental triangulation;, qualitative research methodologies;, interdisciplinary collaboration;, digital environmental contexts.


Environmental triangulation, a cornerstone of qualitative research, emphasizes the systematic exploration of phenomena across diverse environmental contexts, enhancing the depth, breadth, and credibility of research findings. This comprehensive review delves into the nuances of environmental triangulation, examining its methodologies, applications, advantages, limitations, and implications. The study elucidates the method’s foundational principles, contrasting it with other triangulation techniques like data, investigator, and methodological triangulation. While environmental triangulation offers a unique lens for capturing multifaceted insights, it also presents challenges in terms of logistics, cultural nuances, and data interpretation. The implications of this strategy are vast, influencing research design, data collection, analysis, and stakeholder engagement. With the integration of emerging technologies like AI and big data, environmental triangulation stands at the cusp of a transformative shift, offering promising prospects contrasted with ethical and methodological challenges. Contemporary trends indi cate an expansion of the method to encompass digital landscapes, interdisciplinary collaborations, and global challenges. This review serves as a comprehensive guide for scholars, illuminating the intricacies of environmental triangulation and charting its evolving trajectory in the qualitative research landscape.

JEL: J21, J44, С80, О15, О38.

Author Biography

Ramakrishnan VIVEK, Catholic University of Eichstaett-Ingolstadt, Germany; assistant lecturer at the Sri Lanka Technological Campus, Padukka

MBA, MSC in Business & Psychology, research student


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Received: October 16, 2023.

Reviewed: October 23, 2023.

Accepted: December 18, 2023.




How to Cite

VIVEK, Ramakrishnan. “A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL TRIANGULATION IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: METHODOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS”. Journal of European Economy, vol. 22, no. 4, Feb. 2024, pp. 517-32, doi:10.35774/jee2023.04.517.