Ethics code



As the Publisher of the Journal of European Economy, West Ukrainian National University adheres to principles of publication ethics. The main ethical norms observed by the Editorial Board of the JEE include the following.


The Editorial Board strictly adheres to all the guidelines and recommendations issued by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (


The Editorial Board and the editorial staff of the Journal are committed to justifying the trust of both current and future authors and reviewers. Priority is given to maintaining high standards in research and scientific publications over commercial interests and needs of the Editorial Board and Publisher of the Journal. The Journal prefers to refrain from any advertising activity as such and focus exclusively on scientific publications.


All editors are responsible for maintaining the balance between the high-quality of published materials, freedom of expression, and academic integrity.


Editors, whether officially hired or invited on a pro bono basis to work on the Editorial Board, should make all decisions based solely on the quality and contents of the submitted text, independent of the economic relations within the Editorial Board or the current political situation in the country or region.


The Editorial Board of the Journal is responsible for reviewing the publication rules and standards of double-blind peer review at least once a year. Additional changes may be introduced in response to changes in global standards and/or COPE rules.


New editors cannot overturn decisions made by previous editors unless they receive an external complaint regarding plagiarism or other violations.


All editorial rules and academic standards established and adhered to by the Editorial Board apply equally to both published and unpublished texts that are under consideration.


Articles containing critiques of various previous works, promoting academic debate, and/or presenting refutations of obtained findings should be considered on equal footing with more traditional articles describing the authors’ original findings. These types of articles are also subject to standard double-blind peer review.


Any primary research must be scientifically sound and unbiased. The sample size should be adequate and the results should be presented clearly. Any potential ethical harm must be minimized.


To this end, if research requires human participation in the form of surveys, trials, testimonies, or other contributions, authors must ensure that all participants provide their informed consent. If authors intend to include a participant's name or likeness in the publication, they must clearly state this in the participant consent form. By submitting a manuscript for review in our journal, authors certify their compliance with this requirement for all study participants they have recruited.


The Journal of European Economy publishes the works of authors of all nationalities and from all countries, provided their research addresses the issues outlined in the editorial policy. The Editorial Board is committed to rejecting articles that include calls to terrorism, xenophobia, or insults directed at other authors or citizens.


Privacy and data protection


Data received from authors and independent reviewers may include their full name, place of work and title, academic title, degree, contact details, ORCID, correspondence details. The editorial staff of the Journal and members of the Editorial Board do not have technical capabilities to track data from third-party sources. Personal data provided by authors and/or reviewers are in no case used for personal purposes of the editorial staff, including those of a purely scientific/educational nature.


Since the information about the place of work of authors constitutes an indispensable part of the article indexing in international databases and catalogs, it will be considered as open access data. Authors are encouraged to provide this information when submitting their manuscripts. The authors’ current places of employment and contact e-mail addresses are published on the first page of each article. If the author wishes NOT to have their email address published, they must notify the editors before the layout is formed.


Private contact information (such as phone numbers, personal email addresses, Skype names, etc.) is not shared with third parties. Editors, managers and translators who engage in direct communication with authors (online and/or offline) are responsible for ensuring the confidentiality of all correspondence. Communication with members of the Editorial Board and the editorial team via social networks is strictly not recommended. We ask all our authors, reviewers and readers to respect the privacy of our staff and partners and not to seek contact with them through informal sources such as Facebook, Linkedin, and other social media.


The minimum storage period for any personal data is one calendar year from the date of the first contact. The Editorial Board of the journal reserves the right to delete any personal data about authors and/or reviewers that are no longer deemed as necessary.


If you have specific questions about how we collect and store data, please contact our Editor-in-Chief. For requests to remove all personal data from our internal database, please contact our Editor-in-Chief.


 Authorship and citation


All authors listed in the article must have made a substantial contribution to its writing, revision, or critical review. All listed authors must agree to share responsibility for the content of the article and participate in resolving any questions, complaints, or allegations regarding its accuracy or integrity. All listed authors must approve the author listing order, the version of the article submitted to the Journal, and the submission of the article as such.


In the event of any disputes regarding authorship, the Editor of the Journal cannot act in the capacity of an arbiter.


Authors must declare any existing or perceived conflict of interest, whether financial or non-financial. If a reviewer has a conflict of interest, they must inform the Editorial Board about it and refuse to perform a peer-review. If an editor has a conflict of interest, they must notify the Editorial Board or the Editor-in-Chief and act in accordance with their instructions.


Articles should include current and validated references to literary sources relevant to the research subject. Authors should avoid excessive or inappropriate self-citation.


Peer-review process


Editors of the Journal are responsible for evaluating whether a submitted text aligns with the scope and overall structure of the Journal. If a decision is made that the text does not meet either or both of these criteria, authors should be promptly notified. The communication should include an explanation of the grounds for the decision and, optionally, a recommendation for alternative publication options.

All manuscripts submitted to the Journal undergo a double-blind peer review process. This involves an assessment by two experts in the relevant field, who are either members of the Editorial Board or recognized as independent experts.

Editors of the Journal are responsible for explaining the details of the double-blind peer review procedure to both authors and reviewers. Each time a reviewer receives a text for blind review, they are also reminded of the rules and procedures adopted by the editors.

None of the reviewers receives any information about the authors’ identity, their affiliation or other personal data. Likewise, no information about reviewers is shared with authors before, during, or after the peer-review process.

Editors are responsible for ensuring that the review process is properly encrypted and that neither the author nor the reviewer can identify the person on the other side.

The originality of the ideas and the importance/relevance of the research findings presented in the article are considered as primary criteria when considering a text for publication.

Non-peer-reviewed journal sections or editorials will be marked with appropriate references.

Complaints, rebuttals and clarifications

Authors of already published materials have the right to contact the Editorial Board at any time with a request for refutation, publication of an apology, clarification or correction. The editors may fully support this decision of the authors, but may also require additional explanations before publication and/or retraction of the article. The time for publication of the additions/apologies/clarifications is determined by the editors depending on technical capabilities.

Editors are responsible for informing international databases and catalogs about cases of retraction. However, they cannot be held responsible for the time it takes to make the respective changes in these databases and directories.

If an author, reviewer or reader plans to file a complaint regarding the Journal’s activity, please contact the Editor-in-Chief. If the complainant disagrees with the decision and/or explanation provided by the editor, they are kindly asked to contact the Publisher. The Publisher has the right to disregard the complaint, if the claimant has not tried to resolve the matter with the editor.

In the event of a complaint filed by an author, reviewer or reader of the Journal, the editors follow the appropriate COPE procedures, using similar cases described on the COPE website as best practice in the field.

All situations constituting a conflict of interest must be resolved in accordance with the rules established by COPE. In such situations, editors and/or publishers should find an appropriate case among those described on the COPE’s website and take appropriate action.

Allegations of plagiarism or other misconduct

Types of misconduct include the misrepresentation of professional credentials (e.g., employment, academic title), citation manipulation, image or data fabrication/manipulation, peer-review manipulation, undisclosed conflicts of interest, unethical research, plagiarism (including self-plagiarism), and other unacceptable behaviors.

The veracity of the publication is of the utmost importance; therefore, any misconduct will be addressed as prescribed by the COPE’s guidelines.

Plagiarism in any form is unacceptable. This applies to both the submission of previously published or unpublished works of other authors for publication under one's own name, and the appropriation of other people's ideas.

The Editorial Board employs plagiarism detection software to identify similarities with works available on the Internet. Verifying the absence of plagiarism is one of the requirements for peer-reviewers.

If the Editorial staff discovers a case of plagiarism and can provide supporting evidence, it reserves the right to report the case to the author's employer accountable to the Ministry of Education and Science and/or other relevant authority (depending on the country and the specific case).

If plagiarism or other violations have been reported from external sources, the Editorial Board commits to fully cooperate in this matter and provide all available evidence, excluding personal data of the reviewers involved.

The Editorial board does not collaborate with authors who have a proven history of plagiarism in articles submitted to the JEE or other publications, if such cases become known.

West Ukrainian National University is open to cooperation with other publishers in matters related to publishing ethics and prevention of plagiarism.