ACHIEVEMENTS AND CHALLENGES OF UKRAINE’S EUROPEAN INTEGRATION

Andriy GRYTSENKO, Оlena BORZENKO, Tetyana BURLAY

Анотація


The issues of Ukraine’s development within the framework of the European integration project and its transformation under the influence of the convergence processes of the EU economies, Brexit, and the search for a new «European identity» are studied. The influence of European integration on the dynamics of social and macroeconomic development of Ukraine after the signing of 2014 and the implementation of the Association Agreement with the EU is revealed. The main achievements of Ukraine’s European integration are highlighted, which are mainly related to the improvement of its institutional environment, the formation of civil society, the growth of trade between Ukraine and the EU, increasing Ukraine’s capacity to overcome internal crises, including those related to the ongoing armed conflict. Donbass and modernization of the national system of public administration. Emphasis is placed on the key challenges of Ukraine’s European integration, which must be in the field of view of the national government in order to effectively overcome them through the tools of state regulation. It is established that the most serious challenges of Ukraine’s European integration are related to the problems of economic growth, deindustrialization, structural and dynamic disparities in foreign trade, macro-financial stability, as well as the inhibition of convergence between Ukraine and the EU. The key institutional challenges related to the implementation of the Agreement and institutional crises in the development of the EU have been identified. It is substantiated that Ukraine needs the reconstruction of the national economy in accordance with the new architecture in Europe and the world, which provides, in particular, the restoration of Ukraine’s own identity and economic subjectivity on the basis of social justice, which will ultimately contribute to its socio-economic convergence and full integration with the EU.

JEL: E02, F15, I39, O47, O52.


Ключові слова


Macroeconomics; institutions; risks; divergence; convergence; European integration.

Повний текст:

PDF>PDF

Посилання


Aktoudianakis, A., Biskup, P., Bodson, B., Eisl, A., Fabry E., GostynskaJakubowska, A., Henig, D., Hughes, K., Jokela, J., Jung, C., Korteweg, R., Mattelaer, A., Menon, A., Portes, J., von Ondarza, N., Wachowiak, J., Wager, A., & Zuleeg, F. (2020). Towards an ambitious, broad, deep and flexible EU-UK partnership?. European Policy Centre. https://wms.flexious.be/ editor/plugins/imagemanager/content/2140/PDF/2020/Towards_an_ambitious __broad__deep_and_flexible_EU-UK_partnership_WEB.pdf

Balassa, B. (1961). The theory of economic integration. R.D. Irvin. Barro, R. J., & Sala-i-Martin, X. (1992). Convergence. Journal of Political Economy, 100(2), 223-233. https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/3451299/Barro_Convergence.pdf

Bergmann, J., & Niemann, A. (2015). Theories of European Integration. In K. E. Jorgensen, Å. Kalland Aarstad, E. Drieskens, K. V. Laatikainen & B. Tonra (Eds.), The sage handbook of European foreign policy (pp. 166-182). Sage Publications Ltd.

Bіlоrus, O. G. (2013). Global political economy. The world system of globalism as a mechanism of imperialist integration [in Russian]. Problems in political economy, 4(9), 98-119.

Borzenko, O., & Burlay, T. (2020). Overcoming divergence under the conditions of sustainable development: European experience and its adaptation in Ukraine. Research Reviews of Czestochowa University of Technology. Management, 38, 7-21. http://wz.pcz.pl/znwz/files/z38/1_38.pdf

Center for Humanitarian Technologies. (n.d.). Humanitarian Portal: research. Ratings of countries and regions [in Russian]. https://gtmarket.ru/research/ country-rankings

Communications Department of the Secretariat of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2021, Feb 12). Joint press release following the 7th Association

Council meeting between the EU and Ukraine [in Ukrainian]. Government portal. https://www.kmu.gov.ua/news/spilna-zayava-za-rezultatami-7-gozasidannya-radi-asociaciyi-mizh-ukrayinoyu-ta-yes

European Commission. (2020, November 27). Association Implementation Report on Ukraine. Joint staff working document (SWD(2020) 329 final). https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/default/files/2020_ukraine_association_imple mentation_report_final.pdf

European Parliament. (2021, Feb 11). European Parliament resolution of 11 February 2021 on the implementation of the EU Association Agreement with Ukraine (2019/2202(INI)). https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/ document/TA-9-2021-0050_EN.html

European Parliamentary Research Service. (2020). Towards a more resilient

Europe post-coronavirus. Capabilities and gaps in the EU’s capacity to address structural risks. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/ STUD/2020/652024/EPRS_STU(2020)652024_EN.pdf

Gligorov, V., Grieveson, R., Havlik, P., Podkaminer, L., Astrov, V., Dobrinsky, R., Hanzl-Weiss, D., Hunya, G., Leitner, S., Mara, I., Pindyuk, O., Richter, S., Vidovic, H. (2017). CESEE Back on Track to Convergence. Economic Analysis and Outlook for Central, East and Southeast Europe. The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies. https://wiiw.ac.at/cesee-backon-track-to-convergence-dlp-4285.pdf

Greubel, J., Bruckwilder, L., & Thiel, H. (2020). High hopes, low expectations – Brussels’ perspective on the future of Europe after COVID-19. European Policy Centre. https://www.epc.eu/content/PDF/2020/Final_report_final.pdf

Gräbner, C., Heimberger, Ph., Kapeller, J., & Schütz, В. (2017, September). Is Europe disintegrating? Macroeconomic divergence, structural polarisation, trade and fragility. Working Paper 136. Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies. https://wiiw.ac.at/is-europe-disintegrating-macroeconomicdivergence-structural-polarisation-trade-and-fragility-dlp-4273.pdf

Gritsenko, A. A. (2016). Reconstruction of Europe in the context of seeking ways to resolve contemporary contradictions. In: On integration without retouching: Eastern European discussions (pp. 49-60) [in Polish]. Scientific Publishers of the Faculty of Management of the University of Warsaw.

Grіtsenko, A., Borzenko-Slozko, O., & Burlay, T. (2021). Ukraine’s European integration and its current challenges. Vilnius University Open Series, 6-11. https://doi.org/10.15388/VGISC.2021.1

Haas, E. B. (1958). The uniting of Europe: political, social, and economical forces, 1950-1957. University of Notre Dame Press. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/100books/file/EN-H-BW-0038-The-uniting-of-Europe.pdf

Hoeksma, J. (2020, September 29). European identity at home and abroad. Friends of Europe. https://www.friendsofeurope.org/insights/europeanidentity-at-home-and-abroad/

Hooghe, L., & Marks, G. (2019). Grand theories of European integration in the twenty-first century. Journal of European Public Policy. 26(8), 1113-1133. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2019.1569711

Hrytsenko, A. A., Heyets, V. M., Nebrat, V. V., Deineko, L. V., Borodina, O. M., Nykyforuk, O. I., Blyzniuk, V. V., Bandura O. V., Yaremenko, O. L., Merkulova, T. V., Burlay, T. V., Huk, L. P., Pyshchulina, O. M., Dzhabrailov, R. A., Ustymenko, V. A., Halustian, Yu. M., & Danylova, K. I. (2016). Reconstructive economic development: main directions, efficiency and social justice (V. M. Heyets & A. A. Hrytsenko, Ed.) [in Ukrainian]. Institute for economics and forecasting. http://ief.org.ua/docs/scc/2.pdf

International Monetary Fund. (2020). World Economic Outlook Data (October 2020) [Data set]. https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/weo-database/2020/October

Kindzersky, Yu. V. (2021). Inclusive industrialization for sustainable development: to the principles of theory and policy of formation [in Ukrainian]. Economy of Ukraine, 5(714), 3-39. https://doi.org/10.15407/economyukr.2021.05.003

Kolodko, G. W. (2000). Globalization and catching-up: From recession to growth in transition economies. IMF Working Paper. WP/00/100. https://www.imf.org/ external/pubs/ft/wp/2000/wp00100.pdf

Kononenko, S. (2010), International relations in the post-Soviet Eastern European and Eurasian semi-periphery. Theoretical aspect [in Ukrainian]. In Yu. A. Levenets & Yu. M. Pakhomov (Eds.), Ukraine and Russia: The potential of interaction and cooperation. Collection of scientific works (pp. 69- 75). Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies. https://ipiend.gov.ua/ publication/ukraina-ta-rosiia-potentsial-vzaiemodii-ta-spivrobitnytstva-zbirnyknaukovykh-prats/

László, A. (2019). Fifteen years of convergence: East-West imbalance and what the EU should do about it. Intereconomics, 54(1), 18-23 https://www.intereconomics.eu/contents/year/2019/number/1/article/fifteenyears-of-convergence-east-west-imbalance-and-what-the-eu-should-doabout-it.html

Law of Ukraine «On Amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine (on the strategic course of the state to gain full membership of Ukraine in the European Union and in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization)» No. 2680-VIII of February 7, 2019. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2680-19#Text

Lukyanenko, D., Chuzhikov, V., & Vozhnyak, M. (eds.) (2010). Convergence of economic models of Poland and Ukraine [in Ukrainian]. Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman.

Markakis, M. (2020). Differentiated integration and disintegration in the EU: Brexit, the Eurozone crisis, and other troubles. Journal of International EconomicLaw, 23(2), 489-507. https://academic.oup.com/jiel/article/23/2/489/5874723

Mascherini, M. (2020). Upward convergence in the EU: Definition, measurement and trends. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/customisedreport/2020/upward-convergence-in-the-eu-definition-measurement-andtrends

Mursa, G. C., Iacobuta, A.-O., Socoliuc, O.-R., Clipa, R.-I., & Butiseaca, A. (2018). Youth unemployment among EU countries – A challenge for sustainable growth and social cohesion. Transformations in Business & Economics, 17(2B), 701-720.

Official Website of the President of Ukraine. (2020, Oct 6). Joint statement following the 22nd EU-Ukraine summit. https://www.president.gov.ua/en/news/spilnazayava-za-pidsumkami-22-go-samitu-ukrayina-yes-64321

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1106 of October 25, 2017 «On the implementation of the Association Agreement between Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, on the other hand». https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1106-2017-%D0%BF#Text

Ridao-Cano, C., & Bodewig, Ch. (2018). Growing United: Upgrading Europe’s convergence machine. World Bank. http://documents1.worldbank.org/ curated/en/250311520359538450/pdf/123956-REVISED-volume-2-Growing Unitedvonlinelinks.pdf

Rinaldi, D. (2016). A new start for social Europe. Jacques Delors Institute. http://www.institutdelors.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/ newstartsocialeurope-rinaldi-jdi-feb16.pdf

Rodrigues, M. J. (Ed.). (2021). Our European future. Charting a progressive course in the world. Foundation for European Progressive Studies https://www.feps-europe.eu/attachments/publications/our_european_future_ipdf%201.pdf

Savelyev, Y., Lyzun, M., Kuryliak, V., & Lishchynskyy, I. (2021). Economic integration of the Visegrad Four and Ukraine in the context of historical narratives and global challenges. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 10(2), 44- 58. https://ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1209/1191

Schimmelfennig, F. (2018). Liberal intergovernmentalism and the crises of the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies, 56(7), 1578-1594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12789

Sidenko, V. R. (2011). Ways and dead ends of the EU Eastern Partnership policy: A view from Ukraine [in Russian]. The World of Transformations, 2, 156-171. http://mirperemen.net/2011/04/mir-peremen-2011-2/#contents

State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (n.d.). Statistical Database [in Ukrainian]. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua

Tinbergen, J. (1954). International Economic Integration. Books. Elsevier. http://hdl.handle.net/1765/15343

Ukrinform. (2019, July 2). Ukraine needs a new business model if it wants to catch up with the world – IMF [in Russian]. https://www.ukrinform.ru/rubriceconomy/2732315-ukraine-nuzna-novaa-biznesmodel-esli-ona-hocet-dognatmir-mvf.html

Ukrinform. (2019, Nov 20). Ukraine and EU conducted a «joint» talk on improving the Association Agreement [in Ukrainian]. https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubricpolytics/2821497-ukraina-i-es-proveli-vstupnu-rozmovu-sodo-vdoskonalennaugodi-pro-asociaciu.html

Wiener, А., & Diez, T. (eds.) (2009). European Integration Theory. Oxford University Press.

Zygierewitcz, A. (Ed.). (2020). Association agreement between the EU and Ukraine. European Implementation Assessment (update). European Parliamentary Research Service. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2020/642844/EPRS_STU(2020)642844_EN.pdf

Received: June 18, 2021.

Reviewed: August 5, 2021.

Accepted: August 20, 2021




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/jee2021.03.493

Посилання

  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.